Don’t do these things after getting the novel coronavirus vaccine!

Since the free vaccination of new coronavirus vaccine, the demand of residents for new coronavirus vaccine has increased significantly

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Many districts in Wuhan have increased vaccination points to facilitate the residents to vaccinate nearby

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At the same time, residents raised a lot of vaccination questions

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For this reason, Hubei Daily’s all media reporter interviewed Wang Lei, director of the immunization Department of the Institute of communication and prevention of the Provincial Center for Disease Control and prevention, and answered the relevant questions

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On March 16, Wuhan residents were vaccinated with the new coronavirus vaccine at the community health service center of Hanzhong street, Qiaokou District

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1

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Is a new coronavirus vaccine necessary? be necessary

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From the analysis of infection risk, although the epidemic situation in China is generally stable, there are still risks of epidemic import and local epidemic

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For the vast majority of people, if there is no immunity against the new coronavirus, there is a possibility of getting sick, and some people may be more serious after getting sick

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Therefore, novel coronavirus pneumonia is best prevented by vaccination

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Vaccination can effectively protect the individual and the population

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Vaccination can reduce the infection rate, severe disease rate and death rate

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2

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How safe and effective is the vaccine? At present, the new coronavirus vaccines used in our country have carried out clinical research in accordance with the specifications, obtained the approval of the National Drug Administration Department, and passed the strict certification before being put into use

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In the process of vaccine storage and transportation, it is required to regularly monitor and record the temperature to ensure that the novel coronavirus vaccine is in the specified temperature environment and transportation requirements during the whole process of storage and transportation

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The effectiveness and safety of the vaccine can be fully guaranteed through standardized operation in the vaccination process

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In addition, our province has established a whole population vaccine traceability system, and each vaccination unit timely and accurately reports the prescribed vaccination case information to the provincial traceability system, so that the whole process of vaccine can be traced, the source and destination of vaccine can be traced

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3

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What adverse reactions may appear after vaccination? What should we do if there are adverse reactions? The common adverse reactions mainly include the following aspects: local pain, dizziness or lumps at the vaccination site, general fatigue, fever and headache

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In addition, some people have common adverse reactions such as cough, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea

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After vaccination, the vaccinated subjects should stay at the scene for 30 minutes before leaving

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After vaccination, the staff should go home in time and report the adverse reaction if necessary

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4

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Who is not suitable for vaccination? The people who are not suitable for vaccination include pregnant women, lactating women, people who are in the acute stage of fever, infection and other diseases, people suffering from immune deficiency or immune disorder, and people who have serious liver and kidney diseases, drug uncontrollable hypertension, diabetes complications, malignant tumor, etc

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The instructions of the new inactivated coronavirus vaccine suggest that patients with acute exacerbation of chronic diseases and severe chronic diseases should use it with caution

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Patients with hypertension, diabetes and other chronic diseases, through lifestyle adjustment and (or) drug treatment, blood pressure can be maintained at a relatively normal level, no diabetic complications, in principle, can be vaccinated with novel coronavirus vaccine, please follow the doctor’s advice

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Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism patients take a stable dose of drugs, stable condition, in principle, can be vaccinated

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Patients with hypothyroidism (TSH > 10 μ IU / ml, T3, T4 lower than normal) and uncontrolled hyperthyroidism or hyperthyroid exophthalmos should be postponed

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In addition, if cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease are in acute attack stage, vaccination should be postponed

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5

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Can the person that has allergic history vaccinate? The contraindications in the instructions of the new coronavirus vaccine include: severe allergic reactions (such as acute allergic reaction, angioneurotic edema, dyspnea, etc.) in the past vaccination should not be vaccinated

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Therefore, we should consider the severity of allergic constitution and follow the doctor’s advice

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And seafood, eggs, penicillin allergy people can consider vaccination

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Because seafood, eggs and penicillin are not any of the ingredients in the novel coronavirus vaccine, and it is not a special taboo for allergic individuals to be vaccinated in the immunization procedure

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Therefore, vaccination can be considered

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6

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Is novel coronavirus pneumonia a cure for people who need vaccination? Generally speaking, infection with infectious diseases or asymptomatic infection will produce the corresponding immunity, which should have the protective effect similar to vaccination

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Novel coronavirus pneumonia is not yet available in clinical trials

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Therefore, novel coronavirus pneumonia is not recommended for COVID-19 vaccination

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7

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Is it necessary to detect the presence of antibodies before deciding whether to vaccinate? The production of specific antibodies in human body is generally obtained by natural infection or vaccination

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Novel coronavirus pneumonia is not yet fully understood what level of antibody needs to be achieved

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It is suggested that novel coronavirus pneumonia should be vaccinated if there is no definite infection with COVID-19 or novel coronavirus pneumonia

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No vaccine is needed before vaccination

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8

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Can I drink and eat spicy food after vaccination? Can I take a bath on that day? Normal activities and diet do not affect the effect of the vaccine, and there is no need to change the original living habits

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It can keep the local skin clean, avoid scratching the inoculation site with hands, avoid fatigue, do not drink too much, light diet; in case of suspected adverse reactions, it should be reported to the vaccination unit in time and treated according to the doctor’s advice

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After vaccination with the new coronavirus vaccine (including other vaccines), you can take a bath

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Vaccination personnel often ask the recipients not to take a bath on the same day after vaccination, the main purpose is to prevent the cold caused by bathing, or the infection of the vaccination site, causing and aggravating the local reaction

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The novel coronavirus vaccine contains adsorbent

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After vaccination, some recipients may have redness, swelling or induration at the vaccination site

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When bathing, they should pay attention to keeping warm, avoid over pressing and stimulation, and keep the local clean after bathing

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9

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Do you need interval between new coronavirus vaccine and other vaccines? Under normal circumstances, the interval between the new coronavirus vaccine and other vaccines should be at least two weeks, but in some special cases, such as the public encountering animal bites or trauma, they should be vaccinated with rabies vaccine or tetanus toxoid

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In this case, it is not recommended to vaccinate according to the two-week interval, and the rabies vaccine or tetanus toxoid should be given priority regardless of the interval Vaccines

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10

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How long can the protective effect of vaccine last? At present, the new coronavirus was found only one year ago, and the immune persistence of the new coronavirus vaccine is still under continuous observation

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At present, the accumulated monitoring data suggest that the vaccine still has a protective effect more than half a year after vaccination

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11

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Will nucleic acid test be positive after vaccination? can’t

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Nucleic acid detection is novel coronavirus pneumonia, COVID-19 antigen, inactivated vaccine is a “killed” pathogenic microorganism, has completely lost the infectivity and replication power, so the vaccination will not lead to novel coronavirus pneumonia, nor will it be positive for COVID-19 nucleic acid detection because of vaccination

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Source: Hubei Daily all media reporter Hu man correspondent Zhou Peng intern Gong Jie edited by: Liu Dan reviewed by: Sun Ling produced by: Hubei daily financial media center recommended reading Hubei Daily wechat send welfare! The official account of WeChat daily in Hubei daily exceeded 2 million, we sent benefits

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