The 20 questions of vaccinating novel coronavirus vaccine, expert authority response!

In order to ensure the smooth and orderly development of new coronavirus vaccination for all kinds of people, “new coronavirus vaccine online booking system” started today! However, with the full launch of the novel coronavirus vaccination in Jiangsu Province, many people have raised their concerns, and the relevant experts of Jiangsu Provincial Health Commission answered in detail 👇 1

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Which new vaccine is used this time? How? A: at present, the whole virus inactivated vaccine is used in Jiangsu Province

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Through certain methods, the new coronavirus will lose its infectivity and replication, while retaining the vaccine that can cause human immune response

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Inactivated vaccine is a traditional and classic vaccine preparation method, which is mature, reliable and classic

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Compared with other vaccine development technologies, inactivated vaccine development platform is mature, production process is stable, quality standard is controllable, protection effect is good, research and development speed is fast, and it is easy to scale production

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It has international safety and effectiveness evaluation standards

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The new coronavirus inactivated vaccine should be given 2 injections, with an interval of 14-28 days or 21-28 days (the specific product specification of the vaccine shall prevail)

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If the special reason has not been hit after 28 days, we must complete the second injection as soon as possible, so as to get the complete immune protection effect

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2

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Is novel coronavirus vaccine necessary? A: very necessary! Novel coronavirus pneumonia is a new infectious disease caused by COVID-19 infection, mainly respiratory droplet and close contact

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Almost all people have no immunity to the new coronavirus, and almost all people are susceptible to the new coronavirus

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Safe and effective vaccine is the most powerful weapon to prevent diseases

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After vaccination, it can stimulate the human body to produce immunity against the new coronavirus, block the infection of the new coronavirus, especially effectively reduce the severe and mortality

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At present, the people who are suitable for the vaccine instructions should be vaccinated with the novel coronavirus vaccine when there is no vaccination contraindication

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3

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What is the target of vaccination at this stage? At present, the target of vaccination is the population over 18 years old, and the focus of vaccination is the high-risk population of 18-59 years old with new coronavirus infection

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Some people over 60 years old need to be vaccinated due to special reasons and have been assessed to be in good physical condition

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4

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What is the safety and effectiveness of the new vaccine? A: China’s vaccines have very strict management regulations in the whole process of R & D, testing, approval, marketing, storage, transportation and vaccination

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There is a perfect vaccine cold chain system guarantee, and the storage and transportation are strictly in accordance with the specifications

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Vaccination units and medical staff have undergone professional training and strict audit, in accordance with the standard operating procedures for vaccination

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The preliminary test showed that more than 90% of the recipients could produce protective antibody after 28 days of inoculation, and the protective effect was obvious

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A few people have swelling, induration and pain at the inoculation site after inoculation, and a few people have symptoms such as fever, fatigue, nausea, headache and muscle soreness, which usually need no treatment and can recover by themselves in 1-2 days

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At present, more than 60 million doses of Xinguan vaccine have been inoculated in China, which further proves that the vaccine in China is safe

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How to make an appointment for vaccination? A: at present, most of the vaccinated people all over the country are involved in key industries and places

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They mainly rely on their units to organize centralized vaccination

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People with vaccination needs can make an appointment through their units or communities

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Please pay attention to the relevant notices

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Is the novel coronavirus vaccine effective against the mutant virus? A: virus is one of the simplest organisms

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Its proliferation depends on living cells

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In the process of proliferation, the virus will mutate, most of which will not affect the pathogenicity of the virus, the sensitivity of detection reagents and the effectiveness of the vaccine

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According to the latest information released by the World Health Organization, there is no evidence to prove that the virus mutation will make the existing new coronavirus vaccine invalid from the global monitoring of the new coronavirus mutation

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The World Health Organization’s global laboratory network for new coronavirus includes a special working group on virus mutation and evolution, which is timely and rapidly detecting new mutations of the virus and evaluating their possible impact, which will also provide early warning and scientific analysis basis for the follow-up vaccine development and application

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7

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What adverse reactions may occur after vaccination with the novel coronavirus vaccine? How to deal with adverse reactions? A: the common adverse reactions mainly include the following aspects: local pain, dizziness or hard lumps at the inoculation site, general fatigue, fever and headache

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In addition, some people have common adverse reactions such as cough, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea

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After vaccination, the vaccinated objects should stay at the vaccination site for 30 minutes before leaving

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The site staff will inform the recipients of the common adverse reactions, precautions, follow-up health observation, disposal suggestions and contact information

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Report the adverse reaction related symptoms to the staff at the vaccination site after going home, and see a doctor in time if necessary

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Who is not suitable for the novel coronavirus vaccine? A: those who are allergic to vaccines or vaccine ingredients and have had severe allergic reaction to vaccination; those who have uncontrolled severe chronic diseases, uncontrolled epilepsy, encephalopathy and other progressive nervous system diseases are not suitable for vaccination; those who have severe chronic diseases, allergic constitution, history of mental illness or family history, thrombocytopenia or hemorrhagic diseases, and immune function is impaired (e.g People with malignant tumor, nephrotic syndrome and AIDS should be cautious; pregnant, lactating women and acute attack of various diseases should be postponed

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When vaccinating, we should read the informed consent carefully, take the initiative to inform the medical staff of their own health, and the doctor will help to judge whether they can be vaccinated

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9

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Who is not suitable for a second dose of vaccine? A: the physical condition of the recipients should meet the requirements of the new coronavirus vaccination

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If the first dose of vaccine has serious allergic reaction or any adverse reaction of nervous system, and it can not be ruled out that it is caused by the vaccine, the second dose of vaccine is not recommended; in addition, the vaccination should be postponed in the acute attack period of acute and chronic diseases in the second dose of vaccine

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10

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What preparations should be made before vaccination? A: we need to know about the knowledge of Xinguan vaccination; understand the vaccination process at the vaccination site; determine whether we need to make an appointment in advance; take the ID card as required; wear loose clothes on the day of vaccination to facilitate vaccination; and wear masks when going out

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11

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What should be paid attention to when vaccinating novel coronavirus vaccine? A: when vaccinating, take the initiative to inform the medical staff of their own health, and the doctor will help judge whether they can be vaccinated; carefully read and sign the informed consent, vaccinate according to the requirements, and confirm the time of the second inoculation

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Remember to wear masks in the whole process, line up in order according to the signs of vaccination points, and keep a good social distance

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12

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What else to do after the vaccination? A: after vaccination, you should stay for 30 minutes like a child taking a vaccination

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You can leave only when there is no abnormal situation

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If fever does not subside or persistent discomfort occurs after returning home, report to the vaccination site and seek medical treatment in time

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13

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Can I drink after vaccination? A: normal activities and diet do not affect the effect of the vaccine, and there is no need to change the original living habits

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However, some patients may have fever, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea and other symptoms after vaccination

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Drinking alcohol may aggravate these reactions

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Therefore, it is recommended not to drink alcohol one day before vaccination and two days after vaccination

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14

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Can I take a bath after vaccination? A: you can take a bath after getting the novel coronavirus vaccine (including other vaccines)

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Vaccination personnel often ask the recipients not to take a bath on the same day after vaccination, the main purpose is to prevent infection at the injection site and avoid or reduce the occurrence of local reactions

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The novel coronavirus vaccine contains adsorption preparation

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After vaccination, some recipients may appear redness, swelling or induration at the vaccination site

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Excessive pressure and stimulation should be avoided when bathing, and local cleanliness should be maintained after bathing.

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