The authority answers 11 questions about the new vaccine

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Our experts gave detailed answers to 11 questions about new coronavirus vaccination, which are of common concern to the masses

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Let’s see what they have! Is it necessary to vaccinate Q1 new coronavirus vaccine? A: It’s necessary

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On the one hand, almost all people in our country have no immunity against the new coronavirus, and they are susceptible to the new coronavirus

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After infection, some people will develop into critical illness or even death

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The novel coronavirus pneumonia can be acquired by vaccination

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Most of the people can get immunity

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On the other hand, through the orderly inoculation of COVID-19 vaccine, the immune barrier can be gradually established in the crowd to block the prevalence of the novel coronavirus pneumonia

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Q2 at this stage, what are the key groups for new coronavirus vaccination? A: At present, the key groups of NCV vaccination mainly include high-risk groups such as border ports, customs, immigration, international transportation, medical and health, prison related staff, prison supervised personnel and personnel going abroad, public security, fire control, emergency response, transportation, logistics, postal express, pension, mental health welfare, environmental sanitation, funeral, rescue management, municipal administration, etc In the field supervision, news media, community workers and institutions, the people who directly provide services to the public to maintain the basic operation of the society, the occupational groups in the key positions of water, electricity, heating, coal, gas and other basic living materials supply guarantee, and the people with high risk of disease transmission in the service industry and labor-intensive industries

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Q3 new coronavirus vaccine how to play, where to play? A: In the first stage, the vaccination of key population is mainly organized by the competent department of the industry

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In the next stage, the vaccination is mainly organized by the township (street) government, and each unit can also organize the vaccination on its own

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Usually, the vaccination unit is located in the health service center, township health center or general hospital

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If the vaccination involves some departments or enterprises with concentrated key objects, some temporary vaccination units will be set up according to local conditions

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Q4 if ordinary people have the intention of new coronavirus vaccination, can they register for vaccination? A: The strategy of pre vaccination is to first vaccinate the key population with high risk of infection and disease transmission, then vaccinate the high-risk population with high risk of severe disease after infection, and finally vaccinate other populations that need to be vaccinated to establish the immune barrier

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Through orderly vaccination, novel coronavirus pneumonia can be achieved in the public by establishing the immune barrier and controlling the popularity of the novel coronavirus pneumonia

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According to the priority of epidemic prevention and control, the progress of vaccine research and development, production and supply capacity, etc., and in accordance with the national unified arrangement, our province will gradually arrange vaccination according to the vaccine supply

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What are the contraindications of Q5 novel coronavirus vaccination? A: The contraindication of vaccination refers to the situation that vaccination should not be given

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Because most of the taboos are temporary, vaccination can be given at a later time when the circumstances leading to the taboo no longer exist

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Before the new coronavirus vaccination program and guidelines have no specific provisions, the vaccination contraindications of the new coronavirus vaccine shall be implemented according to the vaccine instructions

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Generally, the contraindications of vaccination include: 1

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People who are allergic to vaccine or vaccine ingredients; 2

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People suffering from acute diseases; 3

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People in acute attack period of chronic diseases; 4

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People with fever; 5

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Pregnant women

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Q6 after vaccinating new coronavirus vaccine need not wear mask again? A: Before the establishment of the crowd immune barrier, even if some people have been vaccinated, the awareness and measures of prevention and control can not be relaxed

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On the one hand, the success rate of vaccination is not 100%, and a small number of vaccinated people may get sick during the epidemic; on the other hand, the new coronavirus is still easy to spread without forming an immune barrier

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Therefore, after vaccination, we should continue to wear masks, especially in public places and crowded places

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Other protective measures such as hand hygiene, ventilation and keeping social distance also need to be maintained

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What should we pay attention to in the process of Q7 new coronavirus vaccination? A: In the process of vaccination, the recipients should pay attention to and cooperate with the following matters: before vaccination, they should know the new coronavirus disease, new coronavirus vaccine related knowledge and vaccination process in advance

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When vaccinating, you need to bring relevant documents (ID card, passport, etc.), and according to the local prevention and control requirements, do a good job in personal protection, cooperate with the on-site vaccination staff to inquire, and truthfully provide your own health status and vaccination contraindications and other information

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After inoculation, the patient should stay for 30 minutes; keep the skin of the inoculated area clean and avoid scratching the inoculated area with hands; report the suspected adverse reactions to the inoculated unit and seek medical treatment in time if necessary

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Q8 vaccination, how long to produce antibodies against the new coronavirus? A: According to the previous clinical trial of inactivated vaccine of new coronavirus, the second dose of inactivated vaccine can produce good immune effect after about two weeks

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After Q9 new coronavirus mutates, does vaccination with new coronavirus vaccine still work? A: Virus is one of the simplest organisms

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Its proliferation depends on living cells

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In the process of proliferation, the virus will mutate

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According to the global monitoring of new coronavirus mutation, there is no evidence that the virus mutation will make the existing new coronavirus vaccine invalid

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However, the World Health Organization, national research institutions and vaccine manufacturers are paying close attention to the mutation of NCV, and are also carrying out relevant research, which will provide early warning and scientific analysis basis for the follow-up vaccine development and application

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What are the common adverse reactions of Q10 new coronavirus vaccination? A: According to the results of previous clinical trials and information collected during emergency use of new coronavirus vaccine, the occurrence of common adverse reactions of new coronavirus vaccine is basically similar to that of other widely used vaccines

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The common adverse reactions were mainly manifested as swelling, induration and pain at the inoculation site, as well as fever, fatigue, nausea, headache, muscle soreness and other clinical manifestations

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Will Q11 new coronavirus vaccine need to be vaccinated annually like influenza vaccine? A: generally, factors such as pathogen, vaccine characteristics and recipient status affect the effect of vaccination

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Influenza virus mutates rapidly and the protection period of influenza vaccine is short, so it needs to be vaccinated every year

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Although the new coronavirus has mutated to a certain extent, according to the information currently published on the website of the World Health Organization, there is no evidence that the existing new coronavirus vaccine is invalid for the mutation of the new coronavirus in the United Kingdom, South Africa and other countries

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Whether the new coronavirus vaccine will be vaccinated every year like the influenza vaccine needs to continue to study the impact of virus variation on the vaccination effect and the protection persistence of the vaccine

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