India is in danger! The number of novel coronavirus patients is increasing by 330000 and triple variant virus appears

53 people were confirmed on the first flight of India’s Hongkong flight, and more than 300 thousand new people were diagnosed in India, and a double variant COVID-19 appeared in India

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With these topics in micro-blog’s hot search, we suddenly realized that India seemed to be the most serious place in COVID-19 in the world

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COVID-19 in India is really in danger

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At present, the daily number of new infections and deaths in India are both rising

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The number of new infections per day has more than tripled from the peak of last year[ 1] According to the Ministry of health, 2.29 million people across the country are suffering from the novel coronavirus

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On April 21, 315000 new cases were reported in India; According to unofficial data, the number of new deaths on April 22 reached 330000 (Indian government data has not been updated)

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Johns Hopkins University had the largest number of new deaths the day before yesterday in Maharashtra (568), where Mumbai is located, followed by Delhi (249)

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The medical systems of the two cities have been broken down: lack of oxygen, ordinary people have no access to treatment, 70 year old people can only breathe oxygen in their cars, 53 year old patients have no beds in four hospitals, and finally died in ambulances..

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Similar tragedies can be found everywhere in media reports, but this news makes me particularly sad, because it is a pure man-made disaster: on April 21, In the southwestern city of Nashik, a hospital’s oxygen tank leaked, and there was no oxygen supply to the ventilator for nearly 30 minutes, directly leading to the death of 24 patients using the ventilator[ 5] As of the time before the accident, there were 171 patients using ventilators in the hospital

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Repair workers walk into the fog caused by the oxygen leak

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India.com is infected not only by civilians, but also by celebrities and senior officials: famous movie star Amir Khan and former Congress Party chairman Rahul Gandhi – the day before the announcement of the diagnosis, Rahul Gandhi tweeted to wish the 13th Indian Prime Minister Singh “an early recovery from the novel coronavirus”

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What makes the epidemic in India so serious?   The masses who regard the epidemic situation as nothing    The rapid deterioration of the epidemic situation in India is closely related to the people’s busy going out for a stroll, having holiday parties and participating in local elections

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Although the government has implemented some control measures, the effect is very little

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At the end of March, Bangalore, known as the “Silicon Valley of India”, began to stamp the skin of all confirmed patients in order to more strictly implement the policy of “home isolation of patients”, and the stamp indicated the isolation deadline

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It is said that people with stamps will be detained if they roam the streets

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Home quarantine is the Bangalore police department

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However, this policy has not worked very well

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On April 21, 23558 new cases were diagnosed in Karnataka state where Bangalore is located, second only to Maharashtra state where Mumbai is located (67468), Uttar Pradesh state where Taj Mahal is located (33106) and Delhi, the capital (24638)[ 2] In terms of the proportion of new patients in the total population, Karnataka is actually higher than Uttar Pradesh

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The epidemic situation in various states of India, the wire

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In religious festival brings a terrible migration of people

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Kumbhmela, a huge Hindu festival, has a long cycle

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In early April, at least a few million people were attracted to the Ganges in the northern Indian city of halidawa

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This is not a novel story routine: everyone went to the party, got infected, went home, infected all the family members, and spread the virus when they went out..

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Gyanendra, the last king of Nepal, also went to the big pot Festival, with only one ending – infection( I don’t know what to say when I’m 73 years old But perhaps for religious and political reasons, the festival will not be shortened this year

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At least, the last holy day is still set on April 27

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Winter and spring are the traditional wedding and festival seasons in India

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In addition to the Holi festival in North India in March, there are also New Year festivals in April, such as Puthandu, vaisakhi, ugadi and Vishnu Kani

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The degree of control varies from place to place, but generally speaking, there is no way to forbid people to go out for a happy gathering, nor to close all temples

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But also pay attention to wear masks and keep social distance, is already clear

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However, this round of government control has come too late

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From the middle of March 2020, India began to seal its cities nationwide, and gradually lifted them from July

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It is true that the long siege of the city has played a certain role in controlling the epidemic

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However, when another peak of the epidemic is set off, it is difficult for ordinary people to have enough self-restraint to maintain social distance

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For various reasons, the government has not issued strong measures to close the city

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Indian Prime Minister modi is now just urging the state governments to close the city as soon as possible, rather than issuing a national blockade as he did last year

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This week – after India’s increasing number of cases exceeded 200000 – only a few states announced limited closures and curfews

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Bangalore began a curfew on Wednesday, leaving no one on the road at night   New variant virus    Looking back at the daily trend of the epidemic situation in India, we will notice that there has been a significant improvement since September last year, until the end of January this year

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At that time, surveys conducted in Delhi and Chennai, two major cities in India, showed that more than 50% of the population already had the new antibody

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Some scientists speculate that there are too many people infected with the virus, so they have achieved mass immunization

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But the reality cruelly smashes the dream of “group immunity”

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One possibility is that last year’s epidemic mainly hit the poor people in the city, while those who had protected themselves well had a huge impact in this round of epidemic because they had no antibodies

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However, this does not seem to explain why the epidemic is developing so rapidly

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Another possibility is the emergence of a faster spreading variant of the virus

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In an interview with nature, a doctor said that “one person is infected with the whole family” now, unlike last year, the family may still be spared

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B.1.1.7, which was first found in England, has been popular in some states; B

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167, a variety first identified in India, became the main type of transmission in Maharashtra; In West Bengal, b.1.618 appeared

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B

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There were two mutations in the spike protein of 1.617, e484q and l452r

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Spike protein can help new coronavirus enter human cells

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Although the two mutations appeared before, b.1.617 was the first strain found to carry two mutations at the same time

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The combination of these two mutations not only increases the transmission power, but also enhances the ability to escape the immune system

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Some Indian scientists believe that a more dangerous triple variant has emerged: Twitter @ divyatej sowpati, a comparison of three virus variants

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Sowpati is a scientist at the center for cell and molecular biology in India

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With the continuous emergence of varieties and unreliable mass immunization, it seems that the only thing the Indian people can expect is a vaccine

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But   There are not enough vaccines    According to the Ministry of health of India, as of April 21, 130 million people had been vaccinated with the new vaccine – less than 10% of the total population

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But the vaccine situation in India is beyond description.

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