What you should know before you get vaccinated! Questions and answers of Xinguan vaccination authority~

Q & A on new coronavirus vaccination (updated on March 31, 2021) 1

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Is it necessary to vaccinate new coronavirus vaccine?   It’s necessary

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On the one hand, the vast majority of people in our country have no immunity against the new coronavirus, and they are susceptible to the new coronavirus

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After infection, some people will develop into critical illness or even death

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After vaccination, on the one hand, the vast majority of people can obtain immunity, thus effectively reducing the risk of disease, severe illness and death; The novel coronavirus pneumonia vaccine can be established gradually by establishing an immunization barrier in the population, and the epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia will be blocked, and the social economy and the normal life of the residents in China will be restored as soon as possible in the future

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The COVID-19 vaccine can be used to restore the social and economic life of the people

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2、 How does the new coronavirus vaccine work in human body?   After vaccination, the human body will produce protective antibodies, and some vaccines will make the human body produce cellular immunity, forming the corresponding immune memory

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In this way, the human body has immunity against diseases

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Once the new coronavirus invades the human body, the antibody produced by the vaccine and the cytokines released by the cellular immunity can recognize, neutralize or kill the virus, and the immune memory can quickly mobilize the immune system to play a role, so that the virus can not continue to proliferate in the body, so as to achieve the purpose of disease prevention

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  3、 At present, how many new coronavirus vaccines have been approved for conditional marketing or emergency use in China? The new coronavirus vaccines from five manufacturers in China have been approved for conditional marketing or emergency use

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Among them, three inactivated vaccines and one adenovirus vector vaccine were approved for marketing; In addition, a new recombinant coronavirus vaccine (CHO cell) was approved for emergency use

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4、 What are the approved manufacturers of new coronavirus vaccine? The three new coronavirus inactivated vaccine products approved for marketing conditionally are respectively produced by Sinopharm Beijing Institute of Biological Products Co., Ltd

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(Beijing Institute), Wuhan Institute of Biological Products Co., Ltd

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(Wuhan Institute) and Beijing Kexing Zhongwei Biological Technology Co., Ltd

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(Kexing Zhongwei)

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The conditionally approved adenovirus vector vaccine is produced by kangxinuo biological Co., Ltd

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The recombinant subunit vaccine approved for emergency use is produced by Anhui zhifeilongkema biopharmaceutical Co., Ltd

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5、 How to trace the whole process of new coronavirus vaccine? The “vaccine management law” requires the state to implement the whole process electronic traceability system of vaccines

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After the vaccine is put on the market, there should be accurate and standardized records from the production, transportation, storage, transportation, use and other aspects

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The information recorded in the whole process includes the vaccine variety, vaccine manufacturer, dosage form, specification, batch number, expiry date and vaccination case information

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By means of vaccination informatization, the above information is timely entered into the system, so as to realize the whole process of electronic traceability of vaccine circulation and use

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  6、 At this stage, which groups are the new coronavirus vaccine suitable for? In China, the target population of new coronavirus vaccine is 18 years old and above

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7、 At present, how many doses of the new coronavirus vaccine approved for use in China need to be inoculated? How long is the interval? At present, two doses of inactivated coronavirus vaccine are needed; The interval between the first dose and the second dose should be more than 3 weeks, and the second dose should be completed as early as 8 weeks after the first dose

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One dose of adenovirus vector vaccine is required

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Three doses of recombinant subunit vaccine were needed; The interval between the first dose and the second dose, the interval between the second dose and the third dose should be more than 4 weeks

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The second dose should be completed within 8 weeks after the first dose, and the third dose should be completed within 6 months after the first dose

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8、 Where to get the new coronavirus vaccine? The vaccination of new coronavirus vaccine was carried out in the vaccination unit approved by the local health administrative department

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Usually, the vaccination unit is located in the health service center, township health center or general hospital

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If the vaccination involves some departments or enterprises with concentrated key objects, some temporary vaccination units will be set up according to local conditions

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   The health administrative departments or disease control and prevention institutions in the jurisdiction will also publish the vaccination units that can be vaccinated with the new coronavirus vaccine, including the location and service time

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Please pay attention to the relevant information release platform

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9、 What are the contraindications of vaccination?   The contraindication of vaccination refers to the situation that vaccination should not be given

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According to the technical guidelines for new coronavirus vaccination (First Edition), the general vaccination contraindications include: 1

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People who are allergic to the active ingredients, any non active ingredients, substances used in the production process of the vaccine, or people who have been allergic to the same kind of vaccine before; 2

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Those who have had severe allergic reaction to vaccine in the past (such as acute allergic reaction, angioneurotic edema, dyspnea, etc.); 3

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Patients with uncontrolled epilepsy and other serious nervous system diseases (such as transverse myelitis, Guillain Barre syndrome, demyelinating diseases, etc.); 4

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Patients with fever, acute disease, acute attack of chronic disease, or uncontrolled severe chronic disease; 5

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Pregnant women

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Some taboos, such as fever, are temporary

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When the situation leading to taboos no longer exists, vaccination can be given later

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10、 How to find and grasp the contraindications of vaccination?   In the process of operation, if there is a serious allergic reaction in the first dose of the vaccine, and it can not be ruled out that it is caused by the vaccine, the second dose is not recommended

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To understand the composition of the vaccine, people who have been allergic to the composition of the vaccine should not be vaccinated

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  During vaccination, the recipient should report the health status, disease history and allergy history to the vaccination doctor; Vaccination doctors will ask about the health status of the recipients and their past allergic history

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11、 Can new coronavirus vaccines from different manufacturers be used instead? According to the technical guidelines for new coronavirus vaccination (First Edition), it is recommended to complete the whole vaccination with the inactivated vaccine of the same enterprise

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In case that the vaccine cannot be supplied continuously and the recipients can not be inoculated in other places, the inactivated vaccine produced by other enterprises can be used to complete the whole vaccination

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12、 Where and how to get the new coronavirus vaccine? At present, the five new coronavirus vaccines have been approved to be inoculated in the deltoid muscle of the upper arm through intramuscular injection

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13、 What should we pay attention to in the process of new coronavirus vaccination?   In the process of vaccination, recipients should pay attention to and cooperate with the following matters:   Before vaccination, we should know the knowledge of new coronavirus disease, new coronavirus vaccine and vaccination process in advance

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  When vaccinating, you need to bring relevant documents (ID card, passport, etc.), and according to the local prevention and control requirements, do a good job in personal protection, cooperate with the on-site vaccination staff to inquire, and truthfully provide your own health status and vaccination contraindications and other information

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  After inoculation, the patients should be observed for 30 minutes; Keep the skin of the inoculated area clean and avoid scratching the inoculated area with hands; In case of suspected adverse reactions, report to the vaccination unit, and see a doctor in time when necessary

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  14、 Why stay for half an hour after vaccination?    After vaccination, there may be a very small number of people with acute allergic reactions, syncope and other situations

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Most of the life-threatening acute allergic reactions occurred within 30 minutes after inoculation

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     In case of acute allergic reaction, timely treatment measures can be taken at the scene

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Syncope also mostly occurs within half an hour after vaccination

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If you leave the observation site immediately after vaccination, you may cause accidental injury to the recipient due to syncope

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Therefore, the recipients need to stay in the designated area of the vaccination unit for half an hour after vaccination.

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