[novel coronavirus vaccination science popularization] latest! Contraindications of novel coronavirus vaccination in people aged 12-17

What should we pay attention to when minors are vaccinated with the novel coronavirus vaccine? An answer

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As of July 18, 2021, 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government) and the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps reported a total of 1 billion 456 million 557 thousand doses of the novel coronavirus virus vaccine, according to the national health and Health Committee

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Recently, many places across the country have released news one after another to announce the work arrangement of novel coronavirus vaccination for local people aged 12-17

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Now let’s answer the questions about the vaccination of minors with the novel coronavirus vaccine

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1

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Is it safe for minors to receive the novel coronavirus vaccine? In July 16th, the relevant departments of the State Council joint defense and joint control mechanism organized the demonstration, and the COVID-19 inactivated vaccine of the China biological Beijing Biological Products Institute was approved to be used urgently in the crowd aged 3 years old and ~17

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The age range of COVID-19’s inactivated vaccine developed by Kexing was expanded as early as in early June

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It is reported that the COVID-19 inactivated vaccine produced by two manufacturers has completed the I/II phase clinical trial of the 3 year old -17 age group

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Wang Ming, an expert in special allowance of the State Council and an expert of Guangzhou Preventive Medicine Association, said: “the above research shows that people who are over 3 years old are vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine

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No matter whether their safety and effectiveness are verified by rigorous scientific experiments, parents need not worry about it

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The proposal is actively inoculated according to the arrangements of relevant departments.” 2

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Which novel coronavirus vaccine is better for minors? The above two novel coronavirus vaccines are good, and the focus is to actively cooperate and respond to the call

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Inactivated novel coronavirus vaccine needs to be inoculated twice, with an interval of at least 21 days and a maximum of 56 days

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However, if it exceeds 56 days, there is no need to start inoculation again, as long as replanting is completed as soon as possible

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3

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Under what circumstances can minors not be vaccinated with the novel coronavirus vaccine? Contraindications for minor vaccination: (1) allergic to any component in the vaccine, including excipients and substances used in the preparation process, severe allergic reactions after vaccination in the past, and unable to vaccinate (2) suffering from acute diseases, such as urticaria attack, acute diarrhea, acute appendicitis, internal bleeding, acute pancreatitis, acute pneumonia caused by norovirus, etc, No vaccination (3) fever caused by wound infection and inflammation, no vaccination (4) convulsion, epilepsy, Guillain Barre syndrome, history or family history of other progressive nervous system diseases, encephalopathy or mental diseases, no vaccination (5) it has been diagnosed with congenital or acquired immune deficiency, and no vaccination (6) lymphoma, It is not allowed to vaccinate (7) leukemia or autoimmune inflammatory diseases, (8) serious respiratory diseases, serious cardiovascular diseases, liver and kidney diseases, (9) malignant tumors, use anti-tumor drugs and other immunosuppressants, and (10) influenza vaccine, hepatitis vaccine, HPV vaccine, other pneumonia vaccines, herpes zoster vaccine (11) penicillin, cephalosporin, milk, eggs, peanuts, mangoes, seafood, alcohol, wheat bran, pollen, dust mite allergy, etc

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cannot be inoculated with the mumps vaccine for less than 14 days; it can be inoculated with (12) mild cold and no fever; it can be inoculated with (13) menstrual period; it can be inoculated with (14) chronic eczema, chronic urticaria, chronic rhinitis Hepatitis B virus carriers (non drug treatment period) can be inoculated (15) fractures, trauma, no infection occurs, can vaccinate 4

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minor before and after vaccination, what need to pay attention to hair coloring? Before inoculation, parents and parents should cooperate with the vaccination staff to do health inquiries and informed and informed work

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Read and sign the informed consent form of New Coronavirus inactivated vaccine (Vero cell) carefully

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② Before vaccination, students should avoid fasting and fatigue

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Students should be vaccinated in a relaxed state

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③ Please wear a mask and loose clothes

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When inoculated with COVID-19 vaccine for 12-17 year old people, parents or guardians should be escorted on site

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② Take the initiative to inform the doctor whether the child has any contraindications and allergy history

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Including: whether there are serious chronic diseases, such as heart diseases such as congenital heart disease, liver and kidney diseases, active pulmonary tuberculosis and skin suppurative diseases; Whether there are acute infectious diseases or the quarantine period has not been exceeded

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In addition, if the child is receiving corticosteroids, radiotherapy or antimetabolic drugs, or has recently been injected with gamma globulin, he should actively inform the doctor and ask whether it is necessary to postpone the vaccination time

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① stay at the vaccination site for 30 minutes after vaccination

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If you feel unwell, please contact the staff at the site in time

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② Within 24 hours after inoculation, there may be acid swelling, pain, tenderness, redness, swelling and pruritus at the injection site

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A few may have fever, fatigue, nausea, headache, muscle soreness, lymphadenopathy, etc

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Generally, through proper rest, the symptoms will disappear within 2-3 days

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③ If the high fever does not subside or is accompanied by complications, local reaction is aggravated or the fever does not subside continuously, the doctor at the vaccination site shall be contacted in time

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④ Keep the skin of the inoculated area clean and avoid scratching the inoculated area with your hands

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⑤ Moderate supplement of protein and trace elements

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For example, in terms of diet, to eat three meals a day, fruits, vegetables and cereals are essential, protein and trace elements can be moderately supplemented, and seafood, river food and other foods with allergy risk should be carefully eaten

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⑥ Pay attention to rest, ensure adequate sleep, don’t stay up late, and don’t eat exciting foods such as coffee and strong tea

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⑦ Do not exercise violently and drink too much

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5

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Will vaccination of novel coronavirus vaccine affect children’s immunity? The vaccine will not weaken the child’s immune system, but will enhance the ability to prevent serious diseases

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It is worth noting that the protective power of vaccination is not 100%, and daily protection still needs to be paid attention to

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However, compared with those who are not vaccinated, their clinical symptoms are much lighter

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