Novel coronavirus pneumonia: 40 questions about disinfection and personal protection during the novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak.

Novel coronavirus pneumonia during disinfection and personal protection related questions and answers Q1, how to choose mask? We usually go out to the street and go to well ventilated public places

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We do not have close contact with respiratory patients

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We only need to wear disposable medical masks or medical surgical masks without excessive protection

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Q2

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How to wear masks correctly? When wearing the mask, fully unfold the folded surface, completely wrap the nose, mouth and jaw, and then press the nose clip to make the mask fully fit the face

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Wash hands before wearing the mask, or avoid contacting the inner surface of the mask during wearing the mask, so as to reduce the possibility of mask contamination

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Distinguish the inside and outside, up and down of the mask

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The light colored surface is the inner surface, the inner surface should be close to the mouth and nose, and the dark surface should face outward; One end of a metal strip (nose clip) is above the mask

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Q3

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There are not many times to go out

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Can the mask be reused? The protective effect of any type of mask is time effective

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It is not recommended to use it repeatedly and must be replaced regularly

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It is recommended to replace the mask every 2 ~ 4 hours

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If the mask is contaminated, replace it at the first time

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Q4

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How to throw the mask? When taking off the mask, avoid touching the outside of the mask and take it off by grasping the tie wrap with your hand

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It is not recommended to put the removed mask directly into your pocket or discard it

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After taking off the mask, you must remember to disinfect your hands

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Q5

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What kinds of masks were used during the epidemic? The protection level of disposable medical masks, medical surgical masks and medical protective masks is gradually improved

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Q6

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Can I wear the mask after cleaning? Medical protective masks, medical surgical masks and disposable medical masks cannot be washed and worn again

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Q7

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Do you need to wear a mask in the office building? In a single office space with good ventilation, you can not wear it; There are many people

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It is recommended to wear masks during the meeting

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Q   8

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How do individuals protect themselves when queuing up for nucleic acid testing? When queuing up at the sampling point, we must keep a safe distance, wear masks throughout the process, do not talk to people, cover with paper towels or elbows when coughing, avoid the risk of droplet transmission, and carry out sampling in an orderly manner with the guidance of on-site staff

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Wash hands immediately after collection or wipe hands with hands-free disinfectant, and wear a spare mask

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Put the waste mask into the designated medical trash can

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Leave immediately and do not spit around the collection site

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Q9

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What precautions should be paid to when going to the vegetable market? Wear masks correctly throughout the process, avoid direct contact with face or eyes after contacting public goods or facilities, avoid contact with wild animals, and do not slaughter or eat sick, dead birds or wild animals

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After going home, wash your hands carefully with running water and soap in time

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Q10

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Does the household air need disinfection? The air in ordinary families does not need to be disinfected

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Try to open windows for ventilation every day

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If natural ventilation is not possible, use exhaust fans and other mechanical ventilation, but note that Windows cannot be opened in areas close to isolation places

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In case of positive cases, health professionals shall use special drugs and equipment for final disinfection

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Q11

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How to disinfect household garbage during home isolation? Set a special garbage can covered with plastic bags, place the used paper towels and masks in the special garbage can and clean them every day

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Before cleaning, spray or sprinkle the garbage with 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 49 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (2 pieces + 2 kg of water) until it is completely wet, then tie the mouth of the plastic bag tightly and place it according to the garbage classification area

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Q12

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How to disinfect the object surface? The surfaces of tabletop, door handle, telephone, switch, hot kettle, wash basin, toilet and other articles that may be in contact with daily use shall be wiped or sprayed with 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 99 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 piece of + 2 kg of water), and washed with clean water after 30 minutes

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Q13

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How to disinfect the ground? 84 disinfectant (1 part 84 disinfectant + 99 parts water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 tablet + 2 kg water) can be used for wet mopping every day

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Q14

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How to disinfect daily fabrics (such as towels, clothes, quilt covers, etc.)? Soak in 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 99 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 piece + 2 kg of water) for 1 hour, rinse with clean water, or boil for 15 minutes (calculated from the time of water), or wash at high temperature (80 ℃) with a washing machine with high-temperature washing function

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Q15

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How to disinfect tableware? Boil for 15 minutes (time from water)   Or soak in 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 99 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 tablet + 2 kg of water) for 30 minutes and rinse with clean water

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Or use tableware disinfection cabinet to disinfect according to the instructions

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Q16

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When do you need to disinfect your hands? After work, after shopping and going home, after taking express delivery, contact elevator buttons, handrails, switches, public transportation, before wearing masks and after taking off masks, after contacting coins, and after contacting pets

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Q17

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How to disinfect hands? Hands can be disinfected by wiping hands with a hands disinfectant containing about 70% alcohol or alcohol for 1 ~ 3 minutes

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When there are visible pollutants, wash hands under flowing water with hand sanitizer, and then disinfect

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Q18

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How to disinfect the skin? When the skin is polluted by pollutants, the pollutants shall be removed immediately, then wipe and disinfect with paper towel stained with Iodophor disinfectant for more than 3 minutes, and clean it with clean water

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Q19

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How to disinfect pollutants (vomit and secretion)? A small amount of pollutants can be carefully removed by dipping 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 9 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (10 tablets + 2 kg of water)

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A large number of pollutants shall be completely covered with a dry towel, and then poured with a sufficient amount of 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 9 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (10 tablets + 2 kg of water) on the dry towel for disinfection

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After 30 minutes, they shall be carefully removed

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Then use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 49 parts of water) or effervescent tablets to prepare disinfectant (2 tablets + 2 kg of water) to wipe (drag) the contaminated area and 2 meters around it

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Gloves and masks should be worn when handling pollutants

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Q20

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How to disinfect excreta (mainly feces)? Disinfect the excrement at any time, add 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 2 parts of half water) or bleach (twice the amount of excrement), discharge it after 2 hours, and keep the toilet closed during the action period

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Q21

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How to disinfect the refrigerator? After cleaning the refrigerator, turn off the power and return to normal temperature

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Wipe and disinfect with 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 99 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 piece + 2 kg of water), and then wipe with clean water once after 30 minutes

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Q22

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How to disinfect frozen food? Thaw to normal temperature, and then boil for 30 minutes

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Q23

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How to disinfect rural latrines? Use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 24 parts of water) or effervescent tablets to prepare disinfectant (4 tablets + 2 kg of water) to spray the soil or wood board and other floors in the dry toilet, and the feces in the cesspit are covered with bleaching powder or quicklime

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Q24

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How to disinfect the elevator? Keep the ventilation equipment on, wipe the button with an alcoholic disinfectant wet towel, and never spray the button directly with disinfectant

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Spray the rest with 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 99 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 piece + 2 kg of water), and wipe it with clean water after 30 minutes

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Q25

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How to disinfect the public corridor? Stair handrails, door handles, walkie talkies, etc

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can be wiped with alcohol containing disinfectant wipes

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The ground and wall surfaces are sprayed with 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant + 99 parts of water) or effervescent tablets with disinfectant (1 piece of + 2 kg of water) and cleaned with clean water after 30 minutes

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Q26

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How to disinfect the garbage storage point? Use 84 disinfectant (1 part 84 disinfectant + 49 parts water) or effervescent tablets to prepare disinfectant (2 tablets + 2 kg water) to spray garbage and the surrounding environment, and disinfect twice a day.

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