“Ten questions and ten answers” for teenagers vaccinated with novel coronavirus vaccine

According to the unified deployment and arrangement of the state, Hunan has carried out the vaccination of Xinguan vaccine for people aged 15-17 since August 1.

What precautions do they have in the vaccination process? How to solve it? On August 3, experts from the provincial CDC answered relevant questions.

What are the appointment routes for COVID-19 vaccination among teenagers? When can students be vaccinated in groups? Vaccination of COVID-19 can be made through school group appointments, or by the guardian’s own appointment.

The guardian can make an appointment by telephone, on-site registration, WeChat official account, etc., and closely follow the relevant notice of the local COVID-19 vaccination unit, and timely inoculate the vaccination site near the residence.

The time of centralized vaccination for students shall be determined by the communication between the school and nearby vaccination units, and an appointment shall be made in advance.

After the vaccination units have made relevant preparations, they can organize centralized vaccination for students.

If the child is vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine, if there is any adverse reaction, will he continue to inoculate second needles? If there is slight reaction after the first injection, such as fever, inoculation site pain, slight rash, fatigue, etc., most of them will recover in a very short time.

These adverse reactions that belong to the normal range can be inoculated with second needles and COVID-19 vaccine on time.

After the first injection of COVID-19 vaccine, if the adverse reaction is caused by the coupling disease, it can continue to inoculate second needles after the condition is stable.

Coincidence refers to that the recipient is in the incubation period or prodromal period of a disease when vaccinated.

It happens to occur after vaccination, which has no direct relationship with vaccination.

After the first injection of COVID-19 vaccine, if there is a serious allergic reaction, it should be reported in time.

After the diagnosis of the abnormal reaction investigation, the diagnosis of the expert group is considered to be related to vaccination.

If the vaccine is taboo, it is not recommended to continue to vaccinate second needles.

■ adults at home have beaten.

Can children not? Children also need to fight.

Children without vaccination, lack of immunity against COVID-19, susceptible to COVID-19, infection after onset, part of the development may be critical illness, or even cause death.

After children are vaccinated, on the one hand, they can obtain immunity, so as to effectively reduce the risk of morbidity, severe hospitalization and death; The novel coronavirus pneumonia can be blocked by the vaccination of COVID-19 vaccine in the whole population.

At present, Hunan province has launched the COVID-19 vaccination work for the 15-17 year old population.

Children within this age range should be vaccinated as soon as possible.

Can teenagers in Hunan be vaccinated in Hunan? According to the relevant regulations of the joint prevention and control mechanism in Hunan Province, the 15 to 17 year olds in the field can be vaccinated with the novel coronavirus virus vaccine in the province.

What are the circumstances that are not recommended for the vaccination of the novel coronavirus virus vaccine according to the “novel coronavirus virus vaccine technology guide (First Edition)”? The usual taboos include: 1..

The active ingredients of the vaccine, any kind of inactive ingredient, allergy substance used in the production process, or those who are allergic to the same vaccine before.


Persons who have had severe allergic reaction to vaccine in the past (such as acute allergic reaction, angioneuroedema, dyspnea, etc.); 3.

People with uncontrolled epilepsy and other serious nervous system diseases (such as transverse myelitis, Guillain Barre syndrome, demyelinating disease, etc.); 4.

Those who are feverish, or suffering from acute diseases, or acute attack of chronic diseases, or uncontrolled severe chronic diseases.

If you are allergic to food, medicine or pollen, you can vaccinate COVID-19 with allergy to food (egg, peanut, seafood, Mango), pollen allergy, or other drugs such as penicillin and cephalosporin, and you can get COVID-19 vaccine.

Anyone with immune function can be vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine.

According to the COVID-19 vaccine technology guide (First Edition), the immunocompromised population is a high-risk group with high risk of death after being infected with COVID-19.

At present, there is no data on the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccine against the population (such as malignant tumors, nephrotic syndrome, AIDS patients) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

The immune response and protective effect may be reduced after vaccination.

For inactivated vaccine and recombinant subunit vaccine, vaccination is recommended according to the safety characteristics of previous similar vaccines; For adenovirus vector vaccine, although the vector virus used is replication deficient, there is no previous safety data for the use of the same type of vaccine.

It is recommended to vaccinate after being fully informed that the benefits outweigh the risks.

If the situation is more complicated, consult a clinician and decide whether to vaccinated COVID-19 based on the doctor’s advice.

Whether the novel coronavirus virus vaccine can be inoculated with other vaccines at the same time is not recommended to be inoculated with other vaccines at the same time.

COVID-19 vaccines usually need more than 14 days interval with other vaccinations, but in some special cases, such as animal bites or trauma, vaccination of rabies or tetanus is necessary.

In this case, no vaccination is considered.

What should be prepared before vaccination with COVID-19? Personal vaccination can be made by telephone, on-site registration, WeChat official account, etc.

The novel coronavirus pneumonia and COVID-19 vaccination knowledge is needed before vaccination is needed for COVID-19 vaccine.

At the same time, avoid fasting and fatigue, and wear loose clothes on the same day for vaccination.

In addition, personal protection shall be done throughout the vaccination site, including wearing masks, washing hands frequently, maintaining a social distance of more than 1m from others, etc.

What precautions should be taken after inoculation of the novel coronavirus virus vaccine? We should stay at the scene for 30 minutes after inoculation with the novel coronavirus virus vaccine, and be careful not to take away the pressed cotton swab.

The inoculant shall uniformly place the cotton swab pressing the inoculation part in the designated recycling container to avoid pollution.

He can leave only after confirming that there is no abnormality.

If you feel unwell, inform the doctor in time.

On the day of inoculation, the injection site should be kept dry, avoid excessive pressing and stimulation, and pay attention to personal hygiene.

In case of adverse health conditions, report to the vaccination unit as soon as possible and seek medical treatment in time; Avoid contact with previously known allergens within 1 week, and try not to drink alcohol, eat spicy or seafood.

It is recommended to eat light and drink plenty of water to avoid excessive exercise and fatigue.

Authors: Yang Yanhua, Yan Jie, Lai Zhiwei, Fang Mingli, Hunan disease control.