On the afternoon of September 7, the joint prevention and control mechanism of the State Council held a press conference to introduce the further improvement of epidemic prevention and control and vaccination.
How is the current vaccination progress and how is the next vaccination arranged? Wu Liangyou, deputy director of the Bureau of disease control and prevention of the National Health Commission, introduced that as of September 6, China had reported 2113.08 million doses of Xinguan vaccine, and the total number of vaccinations reached 1095 million, covering 77.6% of the country’s total population.
969.72 million people had completed the whole process of vaccination.
The overall vaccination progress of people aged 12-17 is also relatively smooth.
At present, 162.28 million doses have been vaccinated.
Wu Liangyou introduced that according to the work arrangement of Xinguan vaccination, all localities have formulated targeted work plans according to the characteristics of people over the age of 12, actively do a good job in communication and notification, thorough statistics, publicity and education, innovate diversified service forms, reasonably arrange vaccination time and vaccination site, so as to facilitate people to vaccinate nearby.
The operation shall be carried out in strict accordance with the standard requirements of vaccination, and medical treatment shall be ensured to ensure safety.
At the same time, strengthen the publicity of science popularization, guide the masses to actively vaccinate, actively vaccinate and vaccinate as soon as possible.
2 how can people travel safely during the upcoming Mid Autumn Festival and National Day holidays? What are the experts’ suggestions? Wang Huaqing, chief expert of China’s CDC immunization program, introduced the situation.
Under the severe situation of the current global novel coronavirus epidemic situation, the pressure of external input is still very great.
Remind the public to tighten the string of epidemic prevention and control during travel and maintain a certain vigilance.
In addition, gathering and gathering are not encouraged during holidays, especially large-scale gathering is not allowed.
Wang Huaqing reminded the public to understand the epidemic prevention and control level of the destination before travel.
If it is a medium and high-risk area, they can’t go.
If the public is in a medium and high-risk area, they can’t go.
Everyone should do a good job in personal protection during travel, and abide by the epidemic prevention and control measures of wearing masks, washing hands frequently, maintaining hand hygiene, maintaining social distance, not getting together and not gathering.
3 as early as the beginning of last year, China has deployed 5 technical routes for COVID-19 vaccine research and development.
What new progress is there? In order to promote COVID-19’s vaccine research and development, China has laid out 5 technical routes from the beginning of the outbreak.
So far, five technical routes have achieved full coverage of clinical trials.
Three inactivated vaccines have been approved by the State Food and Drug Administration for listing with conditions, and two have been used urgently with the consent of the State Food and drug administration.
One of the recombinant protein vaccines has been approved by the State Food and Drug Administration for emergency use.
At present, three are in phase III clinical trials and five are in phase I and II clinical trials.
One adenovirus vector vaccine has been approved by the State Food and Drug Administration for conditional listing, and three are undergoing phase I and II clinical trials.
Phase II clinical trials of attenuated influenza virus vector vaccine are under way, and phase III clinical trials abroad have been prepared.
China’s nucleic acid vaccine has an mRNA vaccine and a DNA vaccine respectively.
Recently, they have obtained the approval of foreign phase III clinical trials.
It is expected that phase III clinical trials will be carried out abroad in the near future.
Novel coronavirus pneumonia has been reported in 4 of the United States as of August 26th.
Only 4 million 790 thousand children in the United States have confirmed the diagnosis of the disease.
Only one week in the United States, 200 thousand children have been diagnosed.
What is the high infection rate in children? Does it suggest that we should speed up the promotion of novel coronavirus vaccination for minors? Wang Huaqing, chief expert of immunization planning of China CDC, said that in the early stage of the novel coronavirus epidemic, the infection rate of children was relatively low.
With the global pandemic of the novel coronavirus, especially the continuous spread in some countries, the infection rate of children was rising.
There are three main reasons for the rising: first, Delta virus strain has become a dominant epidemic strain in many countries.
Delta virus strain is highly infectious, which means that if there is an infectious source, it will spread to more susceptible people.
Second, because vaccination starts from the elderly and key groups, children’s vaccination has not been officially included in the agenda, or the vaccination is late, so the proportion of children with immunity is relatively small.
Third, the current prevention and control measures have been adjusted, including the relaxation of non vaccine prevention and control measures, which has led to the current increase in the infection rate of children.
Wang Huaqing said that in view of the increase in children’s infection, many countries have taken vaccination measures, including our country has also included the vaccination of children and adolescents in the agenda.
At present, vaccination is being carried out in echelon, focused and scientific ways.
At present, in order to improve the vaccination rate, some places take measures such as restricting access to public places and including personal integrity records for residents who have not been vaccinated.
In some places, vaccination is linked to the payment of pensions and subsistence allowances.
Such problems are often reflected on the Internet.
What is the state’s response? Some places have introduced some restrictive measures to speed up vaccination.
In some areas, people who have not been vaccinated with the novel coronavirus vaccine are not allowed to enter supermarkets, hospitals, stations and other key public places, and students are refused to enter the school.
In some areas, some units have organized personnel to vaccinate in other places.
These practices violate the principle of vaccination and cause inconvenience to the masses.
In view of this kind of situation, the comprehensive group of the joint prevention and control mechanism of the State Council has specially held a video conference to require all localities to correct this phenomenon in time.
In accordance with the principle of knowing, consent, voluntarily and seeking truth from facts, we should carry out the vaccination of COVID-19, and emphasize that we must be strict and prudent in the introduction of vaccination policies and measures.
We must conscientiously assess and ensure that the safety bottom line is strictly adhered to according to the law.
Wu Liang reminded that recently, some areas have implemented the measures of joint inspection of health code and vaccination code.
Its main purpose is to effectively find the non vaccinated population as much as possible, and advocate that the personnel without contraindications should be vaccinated in time to better protect everyone’s health.
Next, the National Health Commission will guide all localities to make good use of the measures of two code joint inspection, and resolutely put an end to the binding of two code joint inspection and compulsory vaccination.
At the same time, actively publicize the important role of vaccination.
It was said at the press conference that high-risk people can be vaccinated with the third vaccine.
How can this work be carried out? Will the strategy of sequential immunization be considered? Strengthening immunization is a serious scientific issue.
The implementation of strengthening immunization must meet the requirements of relevant laws and regulations.
The vaccine R & D special class organized an expert demonstration meeting on August 2 and listened to the safety and immunogenicity data of enhanced immunization six months after two doses of inactivated vaccine reported by Sinopharm and Beijing Kexing Zhongwei.
Based on the above scientific data, the expert group made suggestions on strengthening immunization with primary inactivated vaccine for key populations.
Zheng Zhongwei introduced that in addition to inactivated vaccines, vaccines of other technical routes in China have also carried out research on strengthening immunization.
He said that after the R & D unit obtains sufficient scientific data, it will also organize experts to carry out relevant demonstration work.
Will “booster injection” vaccination consider sequential immunization research of vaccines with different technical routes? Zheng Zhongwei said that this must be carried out under the two principles of law and compliance and respect for science.
At the expert demonstration meeting on August 2, experts clearly suggested to support sequential immunization research and pilot work.
“At present, some R & D institutions in China are also carrying out relevant sequential immunization research at home and abroad.
Only after obtaining sufficient scientific data on safety and immunogenicity or effectiveness can we put forward expert suggestions on the sequential immunization of large-scale populations,” Zheng Zhongwei said..